Latest ECIBC recommendations on breast cancer screening and diagnosis.
The European Commission Initiative on Breast Cancer (ECIBC) is developing the European Breast Guidelines, evidence based recommendations. The European Breast Guidelinesprovide women and healthcare providers with clear, objective and independent guidance on breast cancer screening and diagnosis. They guide healthcare managers and policy-makers in planning, organising and monitoring the effectiveness of services for breast cancer screening and diagnosis. The recommendations already available can be found online, and more will be released in the coming months, as soon as they are finalised.
These are the latest ECIBC recommendations on breast cancer screening and diagnosis:
This set of recommendations aims to determine the best way to invite women to attend their periodic screening.
This recommendation clarifies that organised screening programmes have greater ability to cover the target population, greater effectiveness as well as providing a more equitable access to these services.
Practice varies with respect to image reading and diagnostic protocols. One of the methods that can be adopted to improve sensitivity of mammography screening is double reading, whereby the mammograms are read, generally independently, by two trained readers.
Currently, there are two non-operative methods to obtain samples of a breast lesion: fine needle aspiration cytology and needle core biopsy. This recommendation evaluates these two different methods.
- What threshold of oestrogen and/or progesterone should be used to provide endocrine therapy in women with invasive cancer?
The hormone receptor status of an invasive breast carcinoma is a strong predictive marker of tumour response to endocrine therapy. Different thresholds are currently used. The aim of these questions was to determine the most appropriate threshold to use.
- Should Ki-67 testing (in addition to clinico-pathological indices and breast biomarkers) be used to guide the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with hormone receptor positive, HER-2 negative, lymph node negative invasive breast cancer?
The measurement of tumour cell proliferation using the Ki67 index may provide additional prognostic and predictive information and assist decision making regarding administration of adjuvant chemotherapy to patients with invasive breast cancer. The aim of this recommendation was to answer this question.